1. Knee arthroscopy
Arthroscopy is a surgical technique in which an instrument, the arthroscope, is inserted into a joint. Advantages of arthroscopy include smaller surgical incisions, faster healing, faster recovery, and smaller scars. Arthroscopic surgeries are often performed as day surgeries, and the patient may return home the same day.
2. Meniscus rupture
Rupture of the meniscus refers to a rupture that occurs in the "C" shaped fibrochondrial structure that is inserted between the femur and the tibia at the knee joint. Each knee has two menisci, the inner meniscus on the inside of the knee and the outer meniscus on the outside of the knee.
Symptoms of meniscus rupture include:
Pain in the inside or outside of the knee, depending on which meniscus is damaged.
• Feeling of bounce or "click" at the time of injury.
"Lock" of the knee, in case part of the meniscus is inserted in an ectopic position between the femur and the tibia.
3. Anterior cruciate ligament rupture
The anterior cruciate ligament (CPR) is one of the major stabilizers of the knee joint. It is a strong rope-like structure located in the center of the knee, extending from the thigh to the tibia. When MSF breaks it unfortunately does not heal on its own and often causes a feeling of instability in the knee.
Reconstruction of MSF is a common surgery, which with the advancement in arthroscopic surgery, can be performed through small incisions with a low complication rate.